Dissent: disagrees w/interpretation of Young b/c it unnecessarily narrows it- it should be a straightforward test of 1)prospective & 2) ongoing violation of Fed law. Discussing state forum availability narrows doctrine, and & no need to address Fed interpretation. Otherwise it is a case-by-case analysis of several factors. A declaratory judgment is not the equivalent to granting title, so Young does not apply. Here the state would be divested of its regulatory powers.