Facts: Plaintiff sued Illinois state officials for violating 14th Amendment by improperly administering Fed-state programs for Aid to the Aged, Blind and Disabled. Fed District Court ordered Ds to pay retroactive benefits for the misuse of the fund.
– Ford Motor Co. v. Dept of Treasury determined that where state is implicated, even if not named, it may be barred by 11th Amen. & Fed regulation.
– Young is only for prospective, not retroactive benefits b/c otherwise the state would be liable for damages. It is also for non-monetary relief b/c otherwise, the state would be liable.
– The lower courts held this to be an action of equitable restitution, but SC said that it still required monetary compensation from the Revenues of the State.
Note: Does not overrule Ex Parte Young because the relief sought in Young was prospective in nature and not amount to money damages against the State.
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