1. Commitment to another branch: A “textually demonstrable constitutional commitment of the issue to a coordinate political question”
2. Lack of standards: A “lack of judicially discoverable and manageable standards for resolving” the issue
3. Unsuitable policy determination: The “impossibility of deciding [the issue] without an initial policy determination of a kind clearly for non-judicial discretion
4. Lack of respect for other branches: The “impossibility of a court’s undertaking independent resolution without expressing lack of the respect due co-ordinate branches of government.
5.Political decisions already made: An “unusual need for unquestioning adherence to a political decision already made.
6. Multiple pronouncements: The potential for “embarrassment from multifarious pronouncements by various departments on one question.