Facts: Powell was elected to the United States House of Representatives but was refused a seat by the House for misconduct.
Rationale: Court held that this was a justiciable constitutional issue the Court agreed with Powell. Art I §5 was at most a grant to Congress of the right to determine whether the 3 standing qualifications set forth in Art I, §2 were satisfied. Therefore, Congress had not been given the right to impose additional qualifications for membership