(a) confidential: not intended for further disclosure by speaker
(b) to clergy: minister, priest, rabbi, accredited practitioner or other similar functionary of a religious org. (prob. a leadership advisory kind of role) or individual rzbly believed to be so by the person speaking
(c) made to clergy in his professional role as spiritual advisor
(2) holder: speaker (can be invoked by speaker on behalf of clergy); clergy can invoke on behalf of speaker
(3) exceptions? there are some statutory
a) Tex. Fam. 261.202: proceeding re child abuse says there are no privileges except (not priest-penitent)
b) TRE 511(2): you waive your privilege if you call the person w/ whom there are privileged communications as a character witness
c) there is no crime-fraud exception!
(4) FEDERAL: same
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