In common law, real property, also known as realty, and personal property are the two main categories of property. Real property includes land, land improvements that result from human efforts like buildings and machinery located on land and a variety of property rights over them. The concept is variously named and defined in other provinces. It is called heritable property in Scotland, immobilier in France, and immovable property in countries like Canada, United States, India, Malta, Cyprus, and in countries where civil law systems exist, including most of the regions of Europe, Russia and South America.
The law distinguishes different kinds of interests also called estates, in terms of real property. The kind of estate is usually decided by the language of the act, lease or bill of sale by which the estate was obtained. Estates are classified by the changeable property rights that are present in each, and that establishes the period and transferability of the different estates. A person who owns an estate is called a “tenant.”
Some important types of estates in land are Fee simple, which is an estate without a definite duration and can be freely transferred. It is the most common and absolute kind of estate, under which the renter enjoys the utmost maturity over the character of the property. Conditional Fee simple is an estate that lasts forever as long as one or more conditions predetermined by the deeds grantor do not take place. If such a condition does happen, the possessions revert to the grantor, or the remaining interest is passed over to another party. Fee tail is an estate that is transferred to his heirs when the tenant dies. Life estate is an estate that lasts for the life of the grantee, called a “life tenant.” A life estate if sold, no sale can change its duration. It is limited by the natural life of the actual grantee. Leasehold is an estate of restricted duration, also called a lease, signed between the parties granted the leasehold and the other party called the lessor, that have a longer lived estate in the possessions.
A tenant, who has an undivided estate in a property after the total destruction of an estate of limited duration, is said to have a “future interest”. The two significant types of future interests are reversion that arises when a tenant allows an estate having a lesser maximum duration than his own. When the grantee’s estate terminates, the ownership of the land is returned back to the original tenant. Thus, it can also be said that future interest of the original tenant gets a setback. A remainder comes up when a renter with a simple fee allows somebody a conditional fee simple, and identifies a third party to whom the land passes on to when the condition occurs.
The disparity in the two kinds of joint ownership of an estate in land is fundamentally the inheritability of the estate. In case of joint tenancy, the surviving tenant becomes the only owner of the estate and nothing passes to the inheritors of the dead tenant. Real property can owned jointly owned with several tenants, with the help of strategies such as the condominium, and housing and building cooperative.
|Real Estate Contracts||Real Estate Law||Real Estate Law Cases|
|Nuisance Law||Landlord Tenant||Property Law Terms|